Australian Animals List

Australian Animals List

On this page you’ll find an Australian animals list that includes not only the country’s most famous animals, but also many of its lesser-known species.

There are pictures and facts about each animal, plus links for you to follow if you want to find out more about a particular species.

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List Of Australian Animals – Introduction

Australia is a big country with many different animal habitats. Australia’s deserts, rainforests, reefs, swamps, bushlands and mountains provide homes for many different types of animal.

Many of Australia’s animals are ‘endemic’ to the country. This means that they are only found in Australia, and nowhere else on Earth.

The main reason for this is because Australia is surrounded by sea, and a long way from anywhere else. Many Australian animals have evolved on their own, and haven’t been able to spread to other parts of the world.

Australia is particularly well known for its marsupials,

Marsupials are mammals whose young – known as ‘joeys’ – are raised in special pouches in the mother’s body. Although marsupials are also present in the Americas, there are many more species found in Australia.

Many of Australia’s most famous animals, such as kangaroos, wallabies, and koala bears, are marsupials, and naturally they’re all on this list!

We’ve also included other famous Australian animals, such as crocodiles, dingoes and emus, together with many animals that are just as amazing, but maybe not quite as well-known.

However, if you’re an Australian wildlife expert, then you should have heard of most, if not all, of these animals.

If you’re not an Australian wildlife expert … you soon will be!

Active Wild Australian Animals List

Our Australian animals list is by no means definitive, and we’ll be adding new species regularly!

Bandicoot

Australian Animals List Bandicoot

Bandicoot – Click the picture to find out more about these small marsupials.

Bandicoots are marsupials that are endemic to Australia and New Guinea. (As we saw above, if an animal is ‘endemic’ to an area, then it isn’t found anywhere else.)

There are over 20 species of bandicoot – most are rabbit-sized, and all have long legs, thin tails and pointed noses. Bandicoots are omnivores that forage for food in their bushland habitat.

You can find out more about bandicoots here.

Bilby

Bilby

Bilby – Click image to find out more!

Bilbies are small marsupials that are well adapted for life in a desert environment. They have strong legs and claws for burrowing and finding food. Their long tongues help them to forage for seeds, insects and bulbs.

Click here to find out more about bilbies.

Black Swan

Black Swan

Black Swan

Black swans are elegant birds with black feathers and bright red bills. Black swans inhabit wetlands across Australia. They eat plants and algae, and use their long necks to find food.

Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Many Australians would rather the cane toad was not on a list of Australian animals! Cane toads secrete poison from behind their ears as a defence against predators.

The cane toad is an invasive species in Australia and has spread rapidly across the country since its introduction in the 1940s. Cane toads are a threat to many native Australian animals, who fall ill after eating the toads.

Find out more about Cane Toads here: Cane Toad Facts.

Cassowary

Australian Animals List Cassowary

Cassowary: click the image to find out more!

Cassowaries are large, flightless birds. There are three species of cassowary; only the Southern Cassowary is found in Australia.

Cassowaries are fast runners, and they can also use their powerful legs and clawed feet as weapons.

Learn more about cassowaries here: Cassowary Facts.

Crocodile

Crocodile

There are two types of crocodile found in Australia: the Freshwater Crocodile, and the larger Saltwater Crocodile. Click the image to learn about saltwater crocodiles.

There are two types of crocodile found in Australia: the Freshwater Crocodile, and the larger Saltwater Crocodile.

Both are dangerous animals, with armour-plated skin and strong jaws full of sharp teeth. Crocodiles are ambush predators: they lie in wait for their prey to draw near before attacking with explosive speed and power.

Saltwater crocodiles are not only the world’s largest reptiles … they’re also the world’s largest land predators!

You can read all about Saltwater Crocodiles here.

Dingo

Dingo

Dingo

The dingo is a wild dog that lives in the deserts, grasslands and forests of Australia. It is a subspecies of the gray wolf.

Dingoes play an important role in indigenous culture, and feature in stories and ceremonies. Depictions of dingoes have been found in aboriginal stone carvings.

Read more about dingoes here.

Dugong

Dugong

Dugong

Dugongs are closely related to manatees. The dugong has a unique snout that is shaped downwards as an adaptation to feed in seagrass habitats. Dugongs can live for up to 70 years, and in the past have been hunted for meat and oil.

Read more about dugongs here.

Echidna

Echidna

Echidna

Echidnas are members of a very strange group of animals called ‘Monotremes’ – mammals that lay eggs.

Echidnas are also known as ‘spiny anteaters’, but – although their diet consists of ants and termites – they are not related to the anteaters of the Americas.

Read more about echidnas here.

Emu

Emu

Emu

Emus are large, flightless birds that are able to run at high speeds thanks to their long legs. Emus use their sharp claws and webbed feet to defend themselves against aggressors.

Frill-necked Lizard

List Of Australian Animals Frill-necked Lizard

Frill-necked Lizard

Frill-necked lizards are found mostly in the northern tropics of Australia. They get their name due to having large ruffs around their necks, which are opened when the lizard feels threatened. The brightly-coloured ruff is connected to the lizard’s jaw bone, and is designed to scare off predators.

Find-out more about this amazon reptile here: Frill-Necked Lizard Facts.

Great White Shark

Great White Shark

Great White Shark – Click on the photo for more information about sharks.

One of the great ocean predators, great white sharks can grow to up to 6 metres in length. These big fish prey upon seals, sea turtles, other fish, and sea birds. Great white sharks sometimes come close to land and have been known to attack people.

Read more about great white sharks here.

Kangaroo

Kangaroo

No list of Australian animals would be complete without the Kangaroo!

No list of Australian animals would be complete without the kangaroo! There are over 30 million of these leaping marsupials in Australia.

Kangaroos travel by jumping rather than walking, and their tails and legs are specially developed to help them do this. Kangaroos are marsupials, and after being born their babies climb up into special pouches on the front of their mothers’ bodies. Here they continue to grow for several more months before being able to jump around by themselves!

Learn more about kangaroos here.

Koala

Koala Australia Animal

Koala

With a big nose, fluffy ears, and a smooth grey coat, the koala is a very recognisable creature. These marsupials spend most of their lives sleeping and digesting eucalyptus leaves. These leaves contain little in the way of nutrients, and koalas spend up to 20 hours a day sleeping in order to conserve energy.

Koalas are sometimes called ‘koala bears’, but they are not members of the bear family.

Read more about koalas here.

Kookaburra

Kookaburra

Kookaburra

If you’ve ever thought someone was laughing at you in the Australian bush don’t worry, it was probably just a kookaburra; their call sounds like human laughter. Kookaburras are a kind of kingfisher. They have long beaks and brown and white feathers, with flecks of bright blue in their wings.

Find out more about kookaburras here.

Numbat

Numbat

Numbat

The numbat is a small creature that looks like a cross between a rat and cat. The numbat has a reddish-yellow coat with stripes across its back, and a fuzzy tail. Numbats use their pointed muzzles to forage in the dirt for ants and termites, which they scoop up with their long tongues.

Platypus

Platypus

Platypus

Could the platypus be the world’s weirdest creature? With the bill of a duck, the tail of a beaver, and the feet of an otter, it’s a very strange-looking animal.

The platypus is a mammal, but lays eggs rather than giving birth to its young. Platypuses have waterproof fur that allows them to spend most of their time in the water.

Read more about platypus here.

Possum

Australian Possum

Possum

There are many kinds of possum living in Australia. These small-to-medium-sized nocturnal marsupials and usually live in or around trees. The Western Pygmy possum is the smallest possum in the world, with a body length of only 6.5cm. The common Brush Tail possum is the biggest, often as large as a domestic cat.

Quokka

Quokka

Learn more about this cute little critter by clicking the picture!

Around the size of a pet cat, the quokka is a herbivorous marsupial. Quokkas look like miniature kangaroos, and their curious nature and charming looks make them popular with people. The quokka uses its two front paws to forage with, and eats leaves and berries.

Find out more about quokkas here.

Quoll

Quoll

Quoll: Click image to find out more about these marsupial predators.

The quoll is a carnivorous marsupial that eats rabbits, lizards, and small birds. Quolls have brown coats that are marked with white rings. Quolls are nocturnal, and are often found in trees.

Find out more about Quolls here: Quoll Facts.

Sugar Glider

Sugar Glider

Sugar Glider – Click image to learn about this animal.

The Sugar Glider has flaps of skin between its arms and legs. These act as wings, and allow the sugar glider to jump from trees and glide through the air.

The sugar glider is an omnivore (i.e. it eats both meat and plants). Its diet includes insects, leaves and eucalyptus sap.

Learn more about sugar gliders.

Tasmanian Devil

Tasmanian Devil

Tasmanian Devil

This carnivorous marsupial makes a distinctive screeching sound when feeding, hence its name, which is often shortened to just ‘devil’.

The Tasmanian devil’s survival is currently threatened by the spread of a killer disease that now affects as much as 80% of its population. Because of this, the Tasmanian devil is classified as ‘endangered’.

Find out more here: Tasmanian Devil Facts.

Wallaby

Wallaby

Wallaby

Wallabies are closely related to the larger kangaroo. Wallabies, like kangaroos, are macropods, and have powerful legs for jumping. There several different types of wallaby, and they range greatly in size and habitat preference.

Wombat

Wombat

Wombat – click image to find out more about this creature.

With strong claws and rat-like teeth, wombats are well adapted for their burrowing lifestyle. Their pouch even faces backwards in order to protect the new-born young from getting dirt flicked in their eyes. Wombats are nocturnal creatures and stay in their burrows when the sun is too hot. They are most likely to be seen on cooler and overcast days.

You can find out more about wombats here.

Yabby

Yabby

Yabby

The final species in our Australian animals list is the Yabby. Yabbies are crayfish that vary in colour from black to bright blue. They are found in swamps, streams, dams, and rivers. Yabbies feed on algae, and any fish they happen to find. A popular summer activity for Australian families is to catch yabbies and cook them on a barbeque!

Australian Animals List Conclusion

We hope that you have enjoyed reading this list of Australian animals. This is just a tiny section of the many different species found in Australia.

You can find out more about Australia at Wikipedia here. See the Wikipedia page on marsupials here.

Now that you have read about these animals, why don’t you try to find out about Australian animals that aren’t on this list?

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