List of endangered animals, with pictures and links to further information.
It’s hard to believe that many of the world’s best-known animals are fighting for survival. Today there are fewer than 4,000 tigers left in the wild. It would be a tragedy if tigers disappeared from the wild altogether, but it could happen in our lifetimes.
In the list of endangered animals below we’ve included not only well-known animals, but also animals you may never have heard of. The humphead wrasse or black-footed ferret may not be as famous as tigers and elephants, but their plight is every bit as serious.
This list is not definitive; sadly, there are many more species currently in danger. The information on this page is regularly updated. If there are any animals that you feel should be in this list but aren’t, do let us know in the comments below.
We have included links to further information about many of the animals, and also links to relevant charities. Click on the photos, or on the links, to find out more.
- You can find out more about endangered animals here: Endangered Animals Facts
Endangered Animals List
African Wild Dog
African wild dogs are found in Sub-Saharan Africa (the part of Africa south of the Sahara Desert). African wild dogs live in packs. They hunt at dawn and dusk, and chase prey such as Thomson’s gazelles.
- Find out more about African wild dogs.
Amur leopards are critically endangered. This leopard subspecies is found in Russia and parts of China. At one point there were only around twenty Amur leopards left in the wild.
- Find out more about Amur Leopards here.
Asian elephants are smaller than African elephants, and also have smaller, more rounded, ears and smoother skin. Asian elephants are endangered due to poaching and habitat loss.
- Find out more about elephants here: Elephant Facts.
- Elephant Charity: David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust.
This strange-looking amphibian has a couple of very special tricks up its sleeve (click the picture to find out what they are!). Sadly, much of the axolotl’s original habitat has been destroyed, and it is now critically endangered.
- Find out more here: Axolotl Facts
Black rhinos are critically endangered. They are found in Eastern and Central Africa. Despite their name, their colour ranges from brown to grey. Black rhinos can run at 50 km/h. They are hunted for their horns.
This list of endangered animals is not just about tigers and elephants: other, lesser-known creatures are in just as much trouble.
Black-footed ferrets are found in North America. They are members of the mustelid family, which includes weasels, badgers and wolverines. At one point in the 1980’s they were considered to be extinct in the wild. However, they have since been reintroduced, and there are now around 1,000 black-footed ferrets in the wild.
Blue whales are the largest creature ever to have lived on the Earth. They’re even bigger than the biggest dinosaurs. Blue whales can weigh up to 200 tons, but incredibly their diet consists solely of tiny crusteaceans called krill.
Bluefin tuna are fast and strong-swimming fish. There are three kinds of bluefin tuna: the Atlantic, Pacific and Southern. Bluefin are endangered due to overfishing.
Bonobos are very similar to chimpanzees, but are usually smaller, with longer legs and darker faces. They are found in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Africa.
- Find out more about bonobos here: Bonobo Facts
Borneo Pygmy Elephant
The Borneo pygmy elephant is also known as the Borneo elephant. They live in the island of Borneo. Despite their name they are still large animals, just not as big as other elephants.
Chimpanzees live in the forests of central Africa. They are our nearest living relatives, sharing around 98% of our genes.
- Find out more about chimpanzees here: Chimpanzee Facts.
Fin Whales are large marine mammals. They are the second largest animal on the Earth, second only to blue whales. If you look at the lower jaw of a fin whale, you will see that the left side is black and the right side is white.
Galápagos Penguins live on the Galápagos islands, and are the only penguin found north of the equator. They are the second-smallest penguin: only the little penguin is smaller.
- Find out more about penguins here: Penguin Facts.
Galápagos Sea Lion
Galápagos sea lions are found on the Galápagos islands. There are around 20,000-50,000 Galápagos sea lions, which may seem alot, until you realise that more people go to an average premier league football game than there are Galápagos sea lions living in the wild.
Ganges River Dolphin
Ganges river dolphins are freshwater dolphins found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers in Balngladesh, India and Nepal. These curious animals are virtually blind, and swim on their sides.
Giant pandas are bears that live in the forests of China. They live on bamboo. There are only around 3,000 giant pandas living in the wild today.
- Find out more about pandas here: Panda Facts.
The humphead wrasse is a large fish that can reach up to 2m in length. It has big lips and a bulge on its forehead that gets bigger as the fish gets older. The humphead wrasse lives around coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region.
Leatherback turtles are the largest sea turtles and the only ones not to have a solid shell. Instead, leatherback turtles are protected by tough, oily skin on their backs. They are the fastest swimming and deepest diving of the sea turtles, and migrate long distances.
- Find out more about sea turtles here: Sea Turtle Facts.
- Find out more about Leatherback turtles here: Leatherback Sea Turtle Facts.
- Sea Turtle Charity: Sea Turtle Conservancy.
As their name suggests, mountain gorillas live in mountains and on dormant volcanoes. These great apes are well adapted to their environment and have thick, long coats which keep them warm when they are up high in the mountains. These peaceful creatures are critically endangered.
- You can find out more amazing facts about mountain gorillas here.
There are two kinds of orangutan, the Sumatran and Bornean. Both are endangered, the Sumatran critically so. Orangutans live mainly in the trees, and eat fruit and insects. Their name means ‘man of the forest’ in Malay.
- Find out more about orangutans here: Orangutan Facts.
- Orangutan Charity: Orangutan Foundation International.
A pangolin’s body is covered with scales made of keratin — the same substance that your fingernails are made of. There are 8 species of pangolin; four live in Africa, and four in Asia. They are all under threat, and two are critically endangered. Pangolins are hunted for food and for their scales.
Saolas were only discovered in 1992. These rare mammals live in the Annamite range of mountains in Vietnam and Laos. They are very shy animals, and rarely seen.
Snow leopards live in the mountains of central Asia. They are adapted for living in the snow, being pale coloured, with thick fur and wide feet.
- Find out more about snow leopards here: Snow Leopard Facts.
Spider monkeys live in the forests of Central and South america. They have long arms and prehensile tails. (Prehensile means able to grab things.) Spider monkeys are social and talkative animals. There are seven kinds of spider moneky, and all are threatened. The black-headed spider monkey and brown spider monkey are both critially endangered.
There are several subspecies (types) of tiger, and all are endangered. The Bengal tiger is the most numerous kind of tiger, yet there are only around 2,500 living in the wild.
It is hard to believe that one of the most world’s most recognisable animals is included in a list of endangered animals.
Vaquitas are porpoises that live in the Gulf Of California. In 2014, there were under 100 vaquitas in the wild, putting it on the verge of extinction.
Yangtze Finless Porpoise / Narrow-ridged finless porpoise
The Yangtze finless popoise’s close cousin, the Baiji dolphin, was declared extinct in 2006. Sadly, with only around 1,000 individuals left in the wild, the critically endangered Yangtze finless porpoise is also in danger of extinction.
How Can You Help The Endangered Animals On This List?
Once you’ve read through the list, make a note of a few of your favorite animals from it. Learn more about them, and why they are endangered.
Then, tell other people about them! By telling other people about endangered animals you’re actually helping the animals.
How? Well, the more people you tell, the more people will know there’s a problem. Whereas most people know that tigers are threatened, not many know that there are only around 3,000 left in the wild!
The people you tell may decide to help endangered animals, either by raising money for charity or by making changes to their lifestyles. The people that you tell will tell other people, and word will spread even further.
Anyone can help endangered animals by raising money for a relevant charity. We have included links to several animal charities in the endangered animals list. Why not have a look at some of their sites to see what they get up to?
Avoid Products Containing Palm Oil
Many of the animals on this list have become endangered due their habitats having been destroyed by deforestation. Oil palm plantations in particular are responsible for vast areas of rainforest being destroyed. Therefore one way of helping the animals on this list is to avoid products containing palm oil.
- You can read more about deforestation here.
List Of Endangered Animals Conclusion
Although it was not a very happy list to compile, part of the reason for doing so was to raise awareness of the dangers these creatures face.
Do we really want to live in a world without Bengal tigers, chimpanzees, or blue whales? I certainly don’t.
It could be argued that extinction is part and parcel of the natural world.
However, many, if not all, of the endangered animals in the list above are in trouble due to habitat loss. This is due mainly to the actions of one pesky species of great ape: namely, humans!
It’s hard to argue that destroying the habitats of endangered animals is justifiable. Let’s all do all that we can to bring these amazing animals back from the brink!
Find out more about animals from all over the world: visit our Amazing Animal Facts page.